GERSHOM BEN SOLOMON (13th century), Provençal scholar of Béziers. No biographical details are known about him. He compiled a halakhic work, Shalman, giving the halakhic rulings of the Talmud according to the order of the halakhot of Isaac Alfasi, and approximating the order of Maimonides in his Mishneh Torah. In some sources Gershom's work is erroneously called Shulḥan and is not to be confused with the Sefer Shulḥan in the Paris National Library (Zotenberg, no. 415; see Benjacob, 583 no. 687, and Lubetzky, bibl.). Gershom's book was completed by his son SAMUEL BEN GERSHOM who also participated in the composition of the earlier portion. Lubetzky   corrected the name Meshullam b. Gershom to Samuel b. Gershom in Bet ha-Beḥirah (Introduction to Avot). The book and its author are referred to in Mikhtam by David b. Levi of Narbonne (ed. by A. Sofer (1959), 223), the commentary of Manoah b. Jacob of Narbonne on Maimonides' Yad (Constantinople, 1718, 11b, et al.), Kol Bo and Orḥot Ḥayyim (see index), Avudarham (ed. by C.L. Ehrenreich (1927), 29), and in Sefer Ba'alei Asufot (still in manuscript; see Lubetzky). Samuel was the teacher of judah b. jacob , the author of the last-named work. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Isaac de Lattes, Sha'arei Ẓiyyon, ed. by S. Buber (1885), 44; Michael, Or, no. 687; Gross, Gal Jud, 99f.; Meshullam b. Moses of Beziers, Sefer ha-Hashlamah, ed. by J. Lubetzky, 1 (1885), introd. xv; Benedikt, in: Sinai, 29 (1951), 191–3; idem, in: KS, 27 (1951), 143 and n. 60; Sussman, in: Koveẓ al Yad, n.s. 6, pt. 2 (1966), 283, 285. (Shlomoh Zalman Havlin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Gershom ben Solomon — (fl. 13th cent)    Provencal scholar. He lived in Beziers. His Shalman gives the halakhic rulings of the Talmud according to the order of the halakhot of Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi, and approximating to the order of Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Kohen, Gershom ben-Solomon — (d. 1544)    Bohemian printer. He produced four prayerbooks, an edition of the Pentateuch, and an illustrated edition of the Passover Haggadah. He received a royal patent which authorized him to be the only Hebrew printer in Bohemia …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Gershom ben Judah — Gershom ben Judah, (c. 960 1040? 1028?) best known as Rabbeinu Gershom (Hebrew: רבנו גרשום, Our teacher Gershom ) and also commonly known to scholars of Judaism by the title Rabbeinu Gershom Me Or Hagolah ( Our teacher Gershom the light of the… …   Wikipedia

  • GERSHOM BEN JUDAH ME'OR HA-GOLAH — (c. 960–1028), one of the first great German talmudic scholars and a spiritual molder of German Jewry. Few biographical details are known of Gershom, most of the stories about him being of a legendary nature. He was apparently born in Metz, but… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LURIA, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON — (1534–1572), kabbalist, referred to as Ha Ari (האר״י; the (sacred) lion from the initials of האלוהי רבי יצחק; Ha Elohi Rabbi Yiẓḥak, the divine Rabbi ). This cognomen was in use by the end of the 16th century, apparently at first in kabbalistic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SAHULA, MEIR BEN SOLOMON ABI — (1260?, perhaps 1251–after 1335), Spanish kabbalist, younger brother of Isaac Abi sahula . During the 1280s and 1290s, and possibly for a longer period, Sahula lived in guadalajara , the center of a group of kabbalists. Halakhic responsa were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MOSES BEN SOLOMON BEN SIMEON OF BURGOS — (1230/1235–c. 1300), kabbalist in Spain; he was rabbi in Burgos from about 1260. Moses – also known as Moses Cinfa, evidently after his mother – came from a distinguished family. The pupil and spiritual heir of the kabbalists isaac and jacob b.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CONAT, ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON — (15th century), Italian physician and one of the earliest printers of Hebrew books. Conat was probably of Ashkenazi origin. He lived in Mantua, where he may have been active as early as 1475. In 1476 he printed Jacob b. Asher s Tur Oraḥ Ḥayyim… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MALAKH, ḤAYYIM BEN SOLOMON — (between 1650 and 1660–1716 or 1717), leader of the Shabbatean sect. Malakh was born in Kalish. Nothing is known about his early career, but he became a highly respected rabbinic scholar, kabbalist, and preacher. He was soon attracted by the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SPIRA (Spiro), NATHAN NATA BEN SOLOMON — (c. 1585–1633), Polish kabbalist. Spira, who was born in Cracow, maintained a well known yeshivah. During the last years of his life he apparently served as head of the rabbinic court. One of the first protagonists in Poland of pseudo Lurianic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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